Skip to main content

Full text of "Stories about the bear, zebra, lynx, wild boar, walrus, sloth, and anteater : in words of one, two, and three syllables"

See other formats







•Z J& gSbM^z 

S-'i-, ^ - 

NEWARK, (N. J.) 






STo. 3. 






NEWARK, (N. J.) 

1 8 35. 


Entered according to the Act of Congress, in the year, 
1835, by Lyman Cobb, in the Clerk's office of the Dis- 
trict Court of the Southern District of New York. 



This Series of Toys contains a more extensive 
and minute description of Animals, Birds, Pishes, 
Articles of Manufacture, &-c. than was given in 
the First and Second Series. 

This Series is intended for a larger class of my 
young friends than the preceding ones ; and, it is 
hoped they will be both benefited and amused by 
their perusal. 

In this as well as in all the other Series nothing 
has been permitted to find a place which is false, 
unnatural, or unphilosophical, or any details of 
conversations among animals which never did, 
and which never can take place. 

It is believed that in the large field of Nature 
and Art, there are sufficient materials for descrip- 
tions and stories without launching into the field 
of Fiction and Falsehood, to find subjects which 
will be interesting to children. 

To remove difficulties in the reading of these 
Stories as far as possible, and thereby render 
them more interesting, the language used in the 
descriptions is limited to words of one, two, and 


New York, June 29, 1S35. 


There are three species of the Bear ; 
the black, whose figure is shown by the 
cut above, the white, and the brown 
Bear. The black Bear is extremely 
common in the forests of this country, 
and in the northern regions of Europe. 
His form is rude and misshaped ; and, 
his body is covered with a coarse and 
shaggy hide. His legs are thick and 
muscular ; and, the long and flat soles of 
his paws, though they enable him to tread 
with firmness, render his pace at the 
same time very awkward and heavy. 
His feet are armed with sharp claws, 
and capable of grasping, so as to enable 

him to climb the most lofty trees With 
his fore paws, he can strike a dreadful 
blow. He can rear himself at pleasure 
on his hinder paws, and, seizing his 
enemy in his embrace, can easily 
squeeze the strongest man to death. 

The food of the black Bear is, m gen- 
eral, roots, fruits, and herbs, but he is 
very fond of milk and honey, the latter 
of which he takes great pains to obtain, 
and seeks it with great cunning. 

About the end of autumn he retires 
to his den which he chooses in the 
precipice of a lonely mountain, or in 
the deep recess of some gloomy forest, 
or in a hollow tree. Here he passes the 
greater part of the winter, without food 
or ever stirring abroad ; and, being very 
fat he seems to live by his fatness. 

In the spring, when he first crawls 
abroad, he is extremely lean and feeble, 
and his feet are so tender that he finds 
H difficult to move about. 

The flesh of the young Bear is very 
delicious ; and, the paws of the old one 
are esteemed a most exquisite morsel. 

The fat is white and sweet, and the oil 
is of great use as medicine in many 

Great numbers are killed every year 
for the sake of their skins, which form 
an article of quite extensive commerce 

The young Bear, which is called a 
cub, is very slow in growth, and follows 
the dam for at least a year, during all 
which time she displays uncommon ten- 
derness for her offspring, and will en- 
counter any danger in its defence. 

liH il MMfllU l M i H min i « »w i — i i wul 

iicti^ti ^MH 



The Zebra is one of the most beauti- 
ful, but at the same time the wildest 
animal in nature. It is larger than the 
Ass, but smaller than the Horse. The 
colours of the Zebra are very elegant 
and regular, which, in the male, are 
white and brown, and in the female 
white and black, ranged in alternate 
stripes like so many ribands over the 
whole body, in a style so beautiful that 
it might at the first sight, seem the effect 
of the most exquisite art, rather than the 
genuine production of nature. Such is 
the beautv of this animal s that it seams 

by nature fitted to gratify the pride and 
pleasure of man, and to have been form- 
ed for his service ; but it seems that no 
efforts to tame it have been as yet com- 
pletely successful ; still as it resembles 
the Horse in form, and, no doubt, par- 
takes in some degree of its nature, some 
suppose that, with proper management, 
it might be converted to the same uses 
as the horse. 

The Zebra feeds in the same manner 
as the Horse, and seems to delight in 
having clean straw and dried leaves to 
sleep on. 

The Zebra inhabits the southern 
parts of Africa, where whole herds are 
seen feeding on those extensive plains 
that lie towards the Cape of Good Hope. 
However, their watchfulness is such, 
that they will not suffer any thing to 
come near them ; and their swiftness, is 
so great, that they easily leave their 
pursuers far behind 



The Lynx differs greatly from other 
animals of the Cat kind. Its ears are 
long and erect, tufted at the end with 
long black hairs. The hair on the body 
is long and soft, of a red ash colour, 
marked with dusky spots, which differ 
according to the age of the creature ; 
sometimes they are scarcely visible : its 
legs and feet are very thick and strong- 
its tail short, and black at the extreme 
point ; its eyes are of a pale yellow 
colour ; and, its aspect softer and less 
ferocious than that of the Panther or 
the Ounce. The skin of the male is 
more spotted than that of the female. 
The Lynx is said to be very long 

lived, is a very destructive animal, livea 
by hunting, and pursues its prey to the 
tops of the highest trees. It feeds on 
weasels, ermines, squirrels, &c, which 
are unable to escape it. It watches the 
approach of the fallow-deer, hare, and 
other animals, and darts upon them from 
the branches of trees, where it lies con- 
cealed ; seizes them by the throat, and 
drinks their blood ; after which, it aban- 
dons them, and goes in quest of fresh 
jj game. Its sight is very quick, and it 
Y sees its prey at a great distance. 

The Lynx is found in the most 
northern parts of this continent, and of 
Europe and Asia. 

The fur of this animal is of great 
value on account of its softness and 
warmth, and is imported from thence in 
large quantities. The farther north they 
are taken, the whiter they are, and the 
spots more distinct. 





The Wild Boar is neither so stupid 
nor so filthy an animal as the tame hog. 
He is also much smaller than the tame 
one, and does not vary in his colour as 
those of the domestick kind do, but is 
uniformly of an iron gray, rather incli- 
ning to a black. His snout is much 
longer than that of the tame hog ; and, 
his ears are shorter, round, and black, 
and the feet and tail are of the same 
colour. The tusks of this animal are 
also much larger in each jaw than in 
the tame hog, beinff nearly a foot long. 
These serve him for the double purpose 
of annoying his enemy, or procuring his 
food, which is chiefly roots and herbs- 


The tusks in the upper jaw bend up- 
wards in a circular form, and are very- 
sharp at the points ; those of the under 
jaw are always most to be dreaded, for 
with them he defends himself, and fre- 
quently gives mortal wounds. 


The Walrus is a large, unwieldy, and 
clumsy animal, living with equal ease 
in the water as on the land ; and, we 
may very properly consider it as one of 
the last steps in the scale of nature, by 
which we are conducted from one great 
division of the animal world to the 
other. The Walrus is sometimes found 



eighteen feet in length, and twelve 
around it in the thickest part. It has 
also two large tusks in the upper jaw, 
which sometimes exceed two feet in 
length, and weigh from three to twenty 
pounds each. Its skin is thick and 
wrinkled, and has a thin covering of 
short brownish hair ; its legs are short ; 
it has five toes on each foot, connected 
by membranes, and on each toe a small 
nail ; the hind feet are very broad, and 
extended nearly on a line with the body. 
The Walrus is quick and easy in the 
water, but slow and clumsy on the land. 

In climbing upon the ice, the Walrus 
makes use of its teeth as hooks to secure 
its hold, and draws its great unwieldy 
body after it. It feeds on sea-weeds 
and shellfish, which it is said to disen- 
gage from the rocks to which they 
adhere, with its tusks. 

It is hunted for its teeth, which are 
as durable and white as those of the 
Elephant. A common Walrus is said 
to yield half a tun of oil, equal in good- 
ness to that of tho Whale, 


The Walrus is found chiefly in the 
northern seas. Great herds of them 
are sometimes seen together on the 
seashore, or sleeping on an island of 
ice. When alarmed, they instantly 
throw themselves, into the water with 
very rash haste. If wounded, they 
become bold and furious, and unite in 
the defence of each other. They will 
attack a boat, and endeavour to sink it 
by striking their great teeth into its 
sides, at the same time bellowing in the 
most hideous manner. 


The Sloth, of all animals, is the most 
sluggish and inactive ; and, judging 
from its outward appearance, it seems 
to be the most helpless and wretched. 
All its motions seem to be the effect of 


the most painful exertion, which hun- 
ger alone is capable of exciting. Its 
greatest speed seldom exceeds three 
yards in an hour. It lives chiefly in 
trees ; and, having ascended one, with 
infinite labour, it remains there till it 
has entirely stripped it of all its verdure, 
sparing neither fruit, blossom, nor leaf, 
after which it is said to devour even the 
bark, when nothing else is left on the tree 
for its subsistence, and thus destroys the 
very source of its support. Thus desti- 
tute of food, it crawls slowly from branch 
to branch, in hopes of finding something 
still left, but is at last obliged to de- 
scend ; and, as it is not able to descend 
as other animals do, it drops from the 
branches to the ground ; and, as it is 
not capable of exerting itself to break 
the violence of its descent, it drops like 
a shapeless, heavy mass ; but the thick- 
ness of its skin and length of its hair 
protect it from injury. There, after re- 
maining some time torpid, it prepares 
for a journey to some neighbouring 


Though slow, awkvyard, and very 
difficult of motion, the Sloth is strong 
and is capable of subsisting without 
food for several days. The strength 
of its legs and feet is so great, that, when 
it has seized any thing, it is quite diffi- 
cult to oblige it to quit its hold. We 
are told of one that having fastened itself 
by its feet to a pole, remained in that 
manner forty days without the least 
sustenance. Its flesh is eaten. 

The Sloth is found on the southern 
parts of this continent, and also in the 
island of Cevlon. 


This animal is a native of Brazil and 
Guiana, runs slowly, frequently swims 


over rivers, and lives wholly on ants. 
His tongue is long, and covered with a 
kind of glutinous moisture. When he 
comes to an ant-hill, he scratches it up 
with his long claws, and then puts out 
his slender tongue which much resem- 
bles a very long worm. The ants 
crawl upon it in great numbers, being 
inviterl, perhaps, by the clammy matter, 
or saliva. He then draws his tongue 
into his mouth suddenly and swallows 
the whole of them in an instant. When 
he swims he throws his tail over his 
back; and, during showers of rain, or 
when he sleeps, he uses his tail as the 
squirrel does his, for a kind of umbrella, 
or coverlet. 

The legs of the Anteater are so 
strong, that few animals can extricate 
themselves from his gripe. It is said 
that he sometimes fixes himself upon a 
panther in such a manner, that both of 
them fall and perish together; for he is 
so obstinate that he will not extricate 
himself from his enemy even after he 
is dead. 

pp *J ■ 



f -**■>; 











r~^»~ ' - ■ ■ • , ' ■ ■ ■ ■ . ■ -'_•■ i ■■■■■- ■ . w ■■■■-■■ ■ ■;- -} 


Cobb's First. Hook, 
Cobb's Spelling Book, 
Cobb's Expositor, 

Cobb's School Dictionary. 


Cobb's Juvenile Reader, No. 1, 
Cobb's Juvenile Reader, No. 2, 
Cobb's Juvenile Reader. No. 3, 
Cobb's Sequel to ths Juvenile Readers, 
Cobb's North American Reader. 


Co.. Vs Arithmetical Rules and Tables, 
Cobi. s Explanatory Arithmetick, No. 1, 
('obb'i Explanatory Arithmetick, No. 2, 
Cobb's v 'inhering- Book, No. 1, 
Cobb's Ci^hering-Book, No. 2.